4 Difficult PTE Reading Multiple-Choice Multiple Answer 19

4 Difficult PTE Reading Multiple-Choice Multiple Answer 19

# 4 Difficult PTE Reading Multiple-Choice Multiple Answer 19

Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. More than one answer is correct.

1.) Opera refers to a dramatic art form, originating in Europe, in which the emotional content is conveyed to the audience as much through music, both vocal and instrumental, as it is through the lyrics. By contrast, in musical theater an actor’s dramatic performance is primary, and the music plays a lesser role. The drama in opera is presented using the primary elements of theater such as scenery, costumes, and acting. However, the words of the opera, or libretto, are sung rather than spoken. The singers are accompanied by a musical ensemble ranging from a small instrumental ensemble to a full symphonic orchestra.

Question: Which of the following statements about Opera can be supported by this text?

a. Opera is a drama sung with the accompaniment of an orchestra.

b. Orchestras in operas can vary considerably in size.

c. Music in musical theater is not as important as it is in opera.

d. There is an argument over whether the music is important or the words in opera.

e. Many people find musical theater more captivating than opera.


2.) Until the mid-20th century, scientists believed that the chest cavity would implode at around 115 feet. Water pressure, they argued, reaches 65 pounds per square inch at that depth, which is enough to shrink lungs to the size of grapefruits and collapse rib cages like empty soda cans. Their theory went out the window in the 1950s and early 1960s, however, when divers like Enzo Maiorca returned from beyond 115 feet with rib cages intact. We now know that water pressure forces blood vessels in the chest to swell, filling the void left by the lungs with an incompressible fluid.

Among the dangers of freediving, the most disconcerting is shallow-water blackout-the brains frightening tendency to shut down within 15 feet of the surface during the ascent. As you descend, water pressure squeezes your lungs. condensing the oxygen and giving you what feels like a second breath. During the return trip. However, your lungs re-expand, dissipating what’s left of your oxygen. If levels drop too low, not enough will move into the bloodstream, and the lights go out. Fortunately, the body’s laryngospasm reflex kicks in to tighten the throat and keep water out for up to minute – just enough time for your dive buddy to drag you to the surface, tilt your head back, and beg, “Breath, baby.”

Knowing Johnston

will be there watching my eyes as I ascend (seeing them roll back in the head is a red flag), I dip below the surface. Staying in the syringe – dive speak for a tight hydrodynamic column – I kick down to 30 feet, my point of neutral buoyancy, and then sink effortlessly to the bottom. I feel good- surprisingly good 0 thanks to the densely packed oxygen molecules in my lungs.

Lingering a moment, I peer up at the mirrored surface that separates this liquid world from mine. Diving to 55 feet was no sweat. I figure I could dive twice that with a little practice, reaching what scientists thought, not 50 years ago, was the body’s depth limit. Today. however, that boundary has been pushed to at least 531 feet (the current no-limits world record), which begs the question: Just how deep can humans go? “we don’t know that yet,” says Lundgren, adding ominously. “But one day someone will find out”

Question: Which of the following is true with respect to the effect of water pressure on humans?

a. Scientists believed that the chest cavity would blow up at a depth of about 115 feet.

b. Rib cages will collapse at the water pressure of 65 pounds per square inch.

c. Blood vessels of the chest enlarge and fill the empty space left by lungs that have been compressed.

d. It is now known that the lungs will not shrink with the increase in water pressure.

e. It is no longer believed that the chest cavity will cave-in at a depth of about 115 feet.


3.) Using infant mortality as a key indicator of the status of children, we now begin to have the broad features of a hypothesis as to the causes of higher or lower mortality rates. One aspect is the complex of factors involving the access of mothers to trained personnel and other facilities for child delivery. the nutritional status of pregnant and nursing mothers and the quality of health care and nourishment which babies receive.

The other aspect,

indicated by rural-urban differentials, is the possible importance of human settlement patterns in relation to the availability of health care and related facilities such as potable water, excreta disposal systems, etc. Thus, in a special sense, it is much cheaper to make health and other basic services available to a community when it is densely settled rather than widely dispersed. It is possible to argue, however, that both these sets of factors are closely related to a third one namely, income levels. Poorer mothers and babies have less access to health-care facilities and nourishment than those who are better off; urban communities are on an average much better off than rural communities.

That economic condition plays a crucial role in determining the status of both mother and child, is beyond dispute. But the question really is whether this is the only decisive factor or whether factors such as the availability of medical facilities, healthcare programs, and nutritional programs have an independent role. If so then the settlement patterns which affect service delivery to the mother and child target groups become a relevant consideration. These are clearly issues of some importance for policy and program planning.

Question: Which among the following statements are correct?

a.  It is easy and economical to provide health care facilities in dense settlements.

b. The fact that income has an important role to play in health care is arguable.

c. A densely settled community has to be supplied with health and basic services after bearing a large cost.

d. Mothers from well to do families can provide better care and facilities to their babies.


4.) When we accept the evidence of our unaided eyes and describe the Sun as a yellow star, we have summed up the most important single fact about it at this moment in time.

It appears probable, however, that sunlight will be the color we know for only a negligibly small part of the Sun’s history. Stars, like individuals, age and change. As we look out into space, we see around us stars at all stages of evolution. There are faint blood-red dwarfs so cool that their surface temperature is a mere 4,000 degrees Fahrenheit, there are searing ghosts blazing at 100,000 degrees Fahrenheit and almost too hot to be seen, for the great part of their radiation is in the invisible ultraviolet range. Obviously, the “daylight” produced by any star depends on its temperature; today (and for ages to come) our Sun is at about 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit, and this means that most of the Sun’s light is concentrated in the yellow band of the spectrum, falling slowly in intensity toward both the longer and shorter light waves.

That yellow “hump” will shift as the Sun evolves, and the light of day will change accordingly. It is natural to assume that as the Sun grows older, and uses up its hydrogen fuel which it is now doing at the spanking rate of half a billion tons a second-it will become steadily colder and redder.

Question: Which of the following statements can be supported by this text?

a. The passage is mainly about the evolutionary cycle of the Sun.

b. Hot stars are referred to as “ghosts because they are nearly invisible.”

c. The important thing about the Sun at the present time is that it appears yellow.

d. As the Sun continues to age, it is likely to become colder and redder in color.

e. Sun has a short history and it always remains the same.


Answers

Question 1:- a. Opera is a drama sung with the accompaniment of an orchestra.

b. Orchestras in operas can vary considerably in size.

c. Music in musical theater is not as important as it is in opera.

Question 2:- c. Blood vessels of the chest enlarge and fill the empty space left by lungs that have been compressed.

e. It is no longer believed that the chest cavity will cave-in at a depth of about 115 feet.

Question 3:- a.  It is easy and economical to provide health care facilities in dense settlements.

d. Mothers from well to do families can provide better care and facilities to their babies.

Question 4:- b. Hot stars are referred to as “ghosts because they are nearly invisible.”

c. The important thing about the Sun at the present time is that it appears yellow.

d. As the Sun continues to age, it is likely to become colder and redder in color.


These samples are for your practice and can get higher scores. And these samples are provided by students who appeared in the exam in previous dates. So, you can also share your exam experiences and questions as well. Thank you.

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