# PTE reading multiple choice questions 13
Read the text and answer the multiple choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.
1.) In radio broadcasting, stunting occurs when a station abruptly airs content that is seemingly uncharacteristic compared to what they normally play. The tactic is commonly used when a station is about to undergo a major change (such as a change in format, branding, frequency, ownership or management, or even the acquisition of a high-profile program or personality), or simply as a prank on listeners and rival broadcasters. Either way, stunting is intended as a way to generate a greater amount of media publicity and audience attention to the station, by virtue of its shock value, than a straightforward format change could provide. Depending on the station’s situation and its management’s preference, stunt formats can last anywhere from a few minutes to several weeks before the permanent change is launched.
Question: Which of the following is not part of the practice of stunting in radio broadcasting as described in the paragraphs?
a. Its main purpose is to attract more attention to the station.
b. It is a practice involving high-risk maneuvers.
c. It is, by definition, surprising because it differs from what the station normally airs.
d. It often coincides with a significant change in the format of the station.
2.) The aim of this research is to experimentally investigate the application of a hybrid condenser as the condenser for a vapor compression refrigeration system. Split type air conditioner for residential use has two major disadvantages. First, it has a large pressure drop in the condenser caused by the flow of refrigerant inside a small tube which affects compressor power. Second, a large amount of heat is rejected to the surroundings since the refrigerant has to condense after passing through the condenser. To decrease pressure drop and recover heat rejection from the condensing process, this study considered using hybrid condenser instead of the conventional condenser in the split type air conditioner.
Question: What is the main purpose of the research as described in the text?
a. To determine whether a hybrid vapor condenser is more efficient than a conventional condenser in a split type air conditioner.
b. To determine whether or not a large amount of heat is lost during the condensing process in a split type air conditioner.
c. To determine the best way to decrease pressure drop and heat loss in the condensing process for a split type air conditioner.
d. To determine the best way to enhance vapor compression refrigeration in a split type air conditioner.
3.) This course provides a basic intro to census and economic data collection, processing, and analysis; surveys forecasting and modeling techniques in planning; demonstrates the uses of real-time urban data and analytics; and provides a socio-economic-political context for the smart cities movement, focusing on data ethics and governance.
This course will teach students systematic approaches to collecting, analyzing, modeling, and interpreting quantitative data used to inform robust research, and, ultimately, urban planning practice and policymaking. This contributes to the urban studies major’s objective of introducing students to “conceptual tools, analytical methods, and theoretical frameworks to understand urban environments, such as economic analysis, social science theory, and visualization technologies,” with the objective of training undergraduates for a future career or further graduate study in the field of urban studies and planning.
Question: Which of the following is not an objective of the course described in the text?
a. To prepare students for a future career in urban studies and planning.
b. To explain the socio-economic context for the smart cities movement.
c. To introduce census collection, processing, and analysis.
d. To assist graduate students in preparation for their urban planning theses.
4.) The increased incidence of Crohn’s disease in the industrialized world indicates an environmental component. Crohn’s is associated with an increased intake of animal protein, milk protein and an increased ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Those who consume vegetable proteins appear to have a lower incidence of Crohn’s disease. Consumption of fish protein has no association. Smoking increases the risk of the return of active disease (flares).
The introduction of hormonal contraception in the United States in the 1960s is associated with a dramatic increase in incidence, and one hypothesis is that these drugs work on the digestive system in ways similar to smoking. Although stress is sometimes claimed to exacerbate Crohn’s disease, there is no concrete evidence to support such a claim. Dietary microparticles, such as those found in toothpaste, have been studied as they produce effects on immunity, but they were not consumed in greater amounts in patients with Crohn’s.
Question: Which of the following is not clearly associated with an increase in the incidence of Crohn’s disease, according to the text?
a. Increased animal protein consumption.
b. Hormonal contraception.
5.) Several fish species contribute significantly to food production and the fishery industry represents at least 15% of the animal protein consumed in the world. However, despite the great economic importance of this animal group and the risk of extinction, little is known about the genetic diversity of natural populations, even though such information may be critical to their survival and conservation. The careful selection of appropriate greater potential for success in species-recovery and maintenance programs. DNA-based studies on threatened animals have been one of the major interests in gathering information on the diversity, conservation biology and population analysis in threatened species or populations, to develop demographic models of small or fragmented populations, and to analyze the fitness value of natural or captive populations.
Question: Which of the following is not true according to the text?
a. Extensive DNA-based research has so far yielded wast knowledge about the genetic diversity of natural fish populations.
b. Understanding the genetic makeup of fish populations is important for conservation.
c. DNA-based studies are important for understanding how robust a given fish population is.
d. Using genetic criteria to select more appropriate fish stocks allows for improved conservation results.
Question 1:- b. It is a practice involving high-risk maneuvers.
Question 2: a. To determine whether a hybrid vapor condenser is more efficient than a conventional condenser in a split type air conditioner.
Question 3:- d. To assist graduate students in preparation for their urban planning theses.
Question 4: c. Stress.
Question 5: a. Extensive DNA-based research has so far yielded wast knowledge about the genetic diversity of natural fish populations.