Autism PTE writing Summarize written text 39
Read the passage below and summarize it using one sentence. Type your response in the box at the bottom of the screen. You have 10 minutes to finish this task. Your response judged on the quality of your writing and on how well your response presents the key points in the passage.
Summarize Written text
|Autism is a disorder characterized by impairments in communication, social interaction, and repetitive behaviors. Over the past 40 years, the measured prevalence of autism has multiplied roughly 10 fold. While progress has been made in understanding some of the factors associated with increased risk and rising prevalence, no one knows with certainty what causes autism or what caused autism prevalence to rise so precipitously. There is however, a growing awareness among scholars that focusing solely on individual risk factors such as exposure toxic-ants, prenatal complications, or parental education is insufficient to explain why autism prevalence rates have increased so stunningly. Social and institutional processes likely play an important role. For example, changes in diagnostic criteria and an influx of resources dedicated to autism diagnoses may be critical to understanding why prevalence rates have risen. Increased awareness and social processes mimic the effects of contagion. Studies have examined the contribution of changes in diagnostic criteria and diagnostic substitution to rising autism prevalence rates, but the importance of institutional factors, resources for diagnosis, and greater awareness have not been systematically assessed. The sociological literature on health and inequality, however, provides substantial motivation for exploring how individual and community level effects operate to shape the likelihood of an autism diagnosis.|
An increased focus to understand individual risk is insufficient to explain rising prevalence of autism in recent years, whereas both institutional processes and increased social awareness may play important roles despite absent assessment of associated factors and related sociological literature offer motivation to explore the autism diagnosis under different social dynamic.