Geothermal Energy in Africa

Geothermal Energy in Africa Summary Written Text 19

Geothermal Energy in Africa Summary Written Text 19

Summarize Written Text


Geothermal Energy in Africa

What is the solution for nations with increasing energy demands, hindered by frequent power cuts and an inability to compete in the international oil market? For East Africa at least, experts think geothermal energy is the answer. More promising still, the Kenyan government and international investors seem to be listening. This is just in time according to many, as claims of an acute energy crisis are afoot due to high oil prices, population spikes and droughts.

Currently, over 60% of Kenya’s power comes from hydroelectric sources but these are proving increasingly unreliable as the issue of seasonal variation is intensified by erratic rain patterns. Alternative energy sources are needed; and the leading energy supplier in Kenya, Kenya Electricity Generating Company, hopes to expand its geothermal energy supply from 13% to 25 % of its total usage by 2020. The potential of geothermal energy in the region was first realized internationally by the United Nations Development Program, when geologists observed thermal anomalies below the East African Rift system. Locals have been utilizing this resource for centuries; using steam vents to create the perfect humidity for greenhouses, or simply to enjoy a swim in the many natural hot lakes.

Along the 6000 km of the rift from the Red Sea to Mozambique, Geo-chemical, geophysical and heat flow measurements were made to identify areas suitable for geothermal wells. One area lies next to the extinct Olkaria volcano, within the Hell’s Gate National Park, and sits over some of the thinnest continental crust on Earth. This is a result of the thinning of the crust by tectonic stretching, causing hotter material below the Earth’s surface to rise, resulting in higher temperatures. This thin crust was
ideal for the drilling of geothermal wells’ reaching depths of around 3000 m, where temperatures get up to 342°C, far higher than the usual temperature of 90°C at this depth. Water in the surrounding rocks is converted to steam by the heat. The steam can be used to drive turbines and produce electricity. Wells like those in Olkaria operate by pumping cold water down to permeable “geothermal reservoir” rocks, causing steam to rise back up a nearby production well. Care must be taken with the rate at which cold water is added so as to not permanently cool the source rock.


Geothermal energy will be used as alternative electric sources to meet increasing energy demands in East African countries due to the geological advantages, thermal anomalies below the East African Rift system.

Crisis in British Archaeology Summary Written text 18

Marshmallow Test Writing Task Summary Written Text 17

War of Talent – The Demand for Talent Written Text 16

Ageing World Writing task Summary written text 15

Anti Bullying Project Written task Summary text 14

Tourism Industry Theory of Resonance Summary text 13

The Khoikhoi Computer Programming Summary Text 12

Napping Tree Ring Dating – Dendrochronology Summary Text 11

Nobel Peace Prize Parents Birth Order Affects Their Parenting Summary Text 10

Beauty Contest Comparative Advantages Summary Written Text 9

Country Living House Mice Summarize Written text 8

Are Female Songbirds Evolution’s Unsung Heroines Summarize text 7

Call for Revolutionary Thinking Problem of prediction Summary text 6

Asking Questions Diaspora Consciousness Summarize text 5

National Prohibition act City of London Summarize text 4

cow and grass Australian Education Summary text 3 

Pascolena Florry Children’s Watching TV Summary text 2

PTE writing task Summary written text practice 1

Like Our Facebook Page

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.