Prepositions rules learning, Prepositions practice exercises

Prepositions rules learning, Prepositions practice exercises

Prepositions rules learning, Prepositions practice exercises

What is Prepositions?

A preposition is a very important part of speech. Certain words take a certain preposition to convey a certain sense. Prepositions carry little meaning in themselves. Words followed by inappropriate prepositions not only often wreck a sentence but also change its meaning. A preposition, therefore, is an important word used with a noun or noun equivalent to show its relation with some other word in the sentence.

Also read, Simple Present Tense Rules Structure with practice exercise

Some Important Distinctions in the use of certain Prepositions

1.) In –

‘In’ is generally used before the names of countries and large cities, or before the name of the place in which one is at the time of speaking, e.g. in a country, in a town, in a street; as,

For example:-

  • He settled in Ludhiana.
  • He was educated in London.

2.) At –

‘At’ is used when there is a small extent of space or time. When we refer to small towns or villages, we use ‘at’. ‘At’ means inside, just outside or just beside the building.

3.) In, into –

‘In’ denotes the position of rest inside something; while ‘into’ denotes motion or direction towards the inside of something.

For examples:- 

  • Ram went into the room.
  • He ran into the room.
  • Water in the well is dirty.

4.) On, At, In (for time):

On is used with the days of the week or month; as On Sunday, On March 28, On Friday.

At is used with exact time; as, at five, at sunset, at midnight.

In is used with a period of time, as, in the evening, in the morning, in winter, in 1978.

For example:-

  • She came on Monday.
  • I go to college at ten.
  • Se takes rest in the evening.

5.) ‘To’, ‘Till’ (until) –

These are both used for time.

For example:-

  • She is busy from six to eight.
  • She worked till twelve.

6.) To, At (Movement):

To is used to express motion from one place to another.

At expresses place or position.

For example:-

  • We go to the office every day.
  • Ritu is standing at the door.
  • Why are you standing at the gate?

7.) For, At (Price):-

For is used if the actual amount is given.

At is used if the actual amount is not given.

For example:-

  • I bought the book for Rs. 5/-
  • I bought the book at a low price.

Also read, Present Continuous Tense Rules structure with examples

8.) For, Since, From (Time):-

For shows a period of time: as, for four years, for 3 months, for a few hours.

Since is used with a point in time at which action started, and the action is then considered to continue to the time of speaking.

For example:-

  • Neetu has been here for 5 years.
  • Neetu has been here since four o’clock.

From can be used place and time both. When denoting a point of time, it must be followed by ‘to’ or ’till’, as’

For example:-

  • She has been busy from morning till evening.
  • You are allowed to attend college from today.

9.) Beside, Besides:-

Beside means ‘at’ or ‘by the side of, ‘besides” means ‘in addition to’.

  • My college is beside the river.
  • Besides books, she was given fee concession.

10.) Between, Among:-

Between is used for two persons or two things only.

Among is used for more than two.

For example:-  

  • This is between you and me.
  • Distribute these books among the students.

11.) For, During (Time):-

For is used for a period of time-definite in length. It shows that the action continues for the whole time or period.

During: Its action either last the whole period or occur at sometime within the period.

For example:- 

  • He worked for a long time.
  • I was ill for a week and during the period I ate nothing.

12.) With, By:-

With relates to an instrument and ‘By’ to the agent or the doer; as,

  • She beat the baby with a stick.
  • This book has been written by Mr. Lal.

13.) In, After (Time):-

In‘, shows the close of some future period, while ‘after’ relates to the past.

For example:- 

  • I shall return in a month.
  • I returned from Mumbai after a week.

14.) On, Upon:-

On is generally used in speaking of things at rest, while ‘upon‘ is used to speak of things in motion or action, as,

For example:-

  • The pen is on the table.
  • The cat is jumped upon the wall.

15.) In, within:-

In denotes the close or end of some period, while ‘within’ denotes some time short of the close.

For example:-

  • I shall return in two days. (at the end of two days)
  • I shall return within two days (before the end of two days)

16.) After, Afterwards:-

After is a preposition and must be followed by a noun or a noun equivalent.

Afterwards is an adverb that is used when there is no noun or noun equivalent.

For example:-

  • I left after saying ‘good evening’.
  • I went to college and afterwards had lunch at home.

Appropriate Use of Prepositions

A Category

  • Kindly abide by the discipline of our school. (keep to)
  • He has been advised to abstain from alcohol. (keep away)
  • I am not afraid of him. (no fear of)
  • He acceded to my request. (agreed)
  • He is ashamed of his conduct. (sorry for)
  • You must account for your long absence from the office. (explain the cause of)
  • Every man is accountable to God for what he does. (responsible)
  • He was accused of theft. (charged with)
  • He was acquitted of the theft. (declared not guilty)
  • It was decided to adjourn the meeting to Sunday. (postpone)
  • The meeting was adjourned for two days. (postponed)
  • Our school is adjacent to our house. (just near)
  • He agreed to my proposal. (accepted)
  • I cannot agree with you on this issue. (be of one opinion)
  • He was alarmed at the news. (full of fear)
  • All were amazed at his unexpected success. (surprised)
  • Your speech amounts to an insult to us. (is)
  • He was angry with me at my attitude. (displeased)
  • I am answerable to none for my conduct. (responsible)
  • His father is anxious about his success. (worried)
  • I have no appetite for food. (hunger)
  • I approve of your suggestion. (listening carefully)
  • Attend to what I say. (pay attention to)
  • He failed to avail himself of the chance. (take advantage of)
  • He was not aware of the plot against him. (conscious)

B category

  • Poverty is no bar to greatness. (obstacle)
  • She begged a favour of me. (asked for)
  • I bear out his statement. (confirm)
  • I can no longer bear with his rudeness. (tolerate)
  • He is bent upon (or on) doing mischief. (firm)
  • He was born to rich parents.
  • He was born in a rich family.
  • Beware of that dangerous fellow. (take heed)
  • He is blind of one eye. (unable to see)
  • He is blind to his shortcomings.
  • His health broke down due to overwork. (collapsed)
  • I have broken with him for political reason. (to cut off connections)
  • The thief broke into the house at the dead of night. (to enter by force)
  • Cholera has broken out in the city. (spread)
  • The meeting broke up at 9 p.m. (dispersed)
  • He is busy with his work.
  • He is busy in learning his lesson.

C category

  • We shall call at his place on Sunday. (visit)
  • We have decided to call on the Principal tomorrow at 6 a.m. (go to see)
  • The laborers have called off the strike. (to withdraw)
  • I was carried away by her beauty. (to be influenced by)
  • Ram Murti was charged with theft. (accused of)
  • My school is close to my house. (just near)
  • Your teacher feels much concerned at your failure. (sorry for)
  • How did you come of a noble family? (belongs to)
  • I came across a beggar in the street. (saw)
  • I am rather concerned for his health. (anxious)
  • I have no concern in this matter. (interest)
  • I have come to condole with my friend upon the death of his mother.(express sympathy)
  • A degree was conferred on him. (granted to)
  • The building consists of ten rooms. (is made up of)
  • He was convicted of theft. (charged with)
  • I count upon you for help. (rely)
  • She is deaf to all our requests. (does not listen to)

D, E, F category

  • He deals in sugar. (trades)
  • Never deal roughly with your younger. (behave)
  • He demanded an explanation from me. (asked for)
  • He died of Cholera. (died because of)
  • I would like to dispose of this case first. (finish)
  • Distinguish right from wrong. (explain the difference)
  • You may try to distinguish between the two cases.
  • You are eligible for this post. (qualified)
  • She excels everybody in music. (beats, is superior to)
  • He has been expelled from the college. (turned out)
  • We are familiar with his tricks. His name is familiar to us.
  • The scheme fell through for want of funds. (fail)
  • Friends fall off in adversity. (to become fewer)
  • He is fond of reading novels. (interested in)

G, H, I, J, K Category

  • He has got into serious troubles. (to be involved)
  • My brother has got through the examination. (to pass)
  • I get up at 4 in the morning.
  • I am grateful to you for your help.
  • He has given up smoking. (to stop)
  • The gun did not go off. (to explode)
  • The light will soon go out. (be extinguished)
  • He hurled a shoe at the speaker. (threw)
  • The train was held up near the bridge. (stopped)
  • Always hope for the best.
  • I have no hope of success.
  • I am ignorant of the consequences. (unaware)
  • I enquired of him about his residence. (asked)
  • Smoking is injurious to health. (harmful)
  • Hard work is the key to success. (leads to)
  • Keep an eye on him in my absence. (watch)
  • Who is knocking at the door? (striking at)
  • He knocked him down with one blow. (threw)

L, M, N, O Category

  • He lacks in common sense. (wants, is short in)
  • She is laid up with a fever today. (confined to bed)
  • He lives at Phillaur in Ludhiana. (a place)
  • She lives on milk only. (takes)
  • Live by honest means. (use)
  • Please look into the matter. (enquire)
  • Parents look after their children. (take care of)
  • I am looking for my missing dog. (searching)
  • Look up this word in the dictionary. (search for)
  • I look upon him as my uncle. (regard)
  • I could make out nothing from his letter. (understood)
  • I have made up my deficiency in English. (compensated)
  • He is notorious for drinking. (infamous)
  • He is obliged to you for your help. (grateful)
  • Be obedient to your elders. (obey)

P, Q, R, S Category

  • I cannot part with this money. (give up)
  • I cannot part from my beloved.
  • He likes to play at cards.
  • She fell prey to his tricks. (victim)
  • Grief is preying upon her mind. (consume)
  • He is proficient in English. (good at)
  • I cannot put up with this insult. (tolerate)
  • Do not put off till tomorrow what you can do today. (postpone)
  • Do not quarrel with your friend over a trifle.
  • He is ready for departure.
  • He recovered from his illness. (got well)
  • You must refrain from such activities. (avoid)
  • He can safely rely on (or upon) my word. (depend)
  • Do not run after material comforts. (pursue)
  • His health has run down. (gone pursue)
  • I am now sick of this routine. (tired)
  • He has set up a new factory. (started business)
  • Winter has set in. (started)
  • We are slaves to tradition.
  • He badly stared him in the face. (looked)
  • They started for Delhi. (left)
  • He is suffering from fever.
  • You must suffer for your folly.
  • His speech was suitable to the occassion.
  • I want a house suitable for me.
  • I have no sympathy for idlers.

T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z Category

  • Take off your shoes before you enter the kitchen. (remove)
  • Take down these notes and prepare for the examination. (to record)
  • He was talking to me about you.
  • He talked of her success.
  • He has no taste for music. (liking for )
  • I tired of waiting. (sick of)
  • He treats us with respect.
  • He is true to his promise.
  • Trust in God and do the right.(have faith)
  • He turned down my request. (rejected)
  • He turned up late at night. (appeared)
  • We used to hardships. (accustomed)
  • I vexed at his behavior. (annoyed)
  • He is a victim to the fury of the cyclone.
  • I shall wait for you.
  • He waited upon the minister, but in vain. (waited to see)
  • He warned of the danger. (cautioned)

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