Prepositions rules learning, Prepositions practice exercises
What is Prepositions?
A preposition is a very important part of speech. Certain words take a certain preposition to convey a certain sense. Prepositions carry little meaning in themselves. Words followed by inappropriate prepositions not only often wreck a sentence but also change its meaning. A preposition, therefore, is an important word used with a noun or noun equivalent to show its relation with some other word in the sentence.
Some Important Distinctions in the use of certain Prepositions
1.) In –
‘In’ is generally used before the names of countries and large cities, or before the name of the place in which one is at the time of speaking, e.g. in a country, in a town, in a street; as,
- He settled in Ludhiana.
- He was educated in London.
2.) At –
‘At’ is used when there is a small extent of space or time. When we refer to small towns or villages, we use ‘at’. ‘At’ means inside, just outside or just beside the building.
3.) In, into –
‘In’ denotes the position of rest inside something; while ‘into’ denotes motion or direction towards the inside of something.
- Ram went into the room.
- He ran into the room.
- Water in the well is dirty.
4.) On, At, In (for time):
On is used with the days of the week or month; as On Sunday, On March 28, On Friday.
At is used with exact time; as, at five, at sunset, at midnight.
In is used with a period of time, as, in the evening, in the morning, in winter, in 1978.
- She came on Monday.
- I go to college at ten.
- Se takes rest in the evening.
5.) ‘To’, ‘Till’ (until) –
These are both used for time.
- She is busy from six to eight.
- She worked till twelve.
6.) To, At (Movement):
To is used to express motion from one place to another.
At expresses place or position.
- We go to the office every day.
- Ritu is standing at the door.
- Why are you standing at the gate?
7.) For, At (Price):-
For is used if the actual amount is given.
At is used if the actual amount is not given.
- I bought the book for Rs. 5/-
- I bought the book at a low price.
8.) For, Since, From (Time):-
For shows a period of time: as, for four years, for 3 months, for a few hours.
Since is used with a point in time at which action started, and the action is then considered to continue to the time of speaking.
- Neetu has been here for 5 years.
- Neetu has been here since four o’clock.
From can be used place and time both. When denoting a point of time, it must be followed by ‘to’ or ’till’, as’
- She has been busy from morning till evening.
- You are allowed to attend college from today.
9.) Beside, Besides:-
Beside means ‘at’ or ‘by the side of, ‘besides” means ‘in addition to’.
- My college is beside the river.
- Besides books, she was given fee concession.
10.) Between, Among:-
Between is used for two persons or two things only.
Among is used for more than two.
- This is between you and me.
- Distribute these books among the students.
11.) For, During (Time):-
For is used for a period of time-definite in length. It shows that the action continues for the whole time or period.
During: Its action either last the whole period or occur at sometime within the period.
- He worked for a long time.
- I was ill for a week and during the period I ate nothing.
12.) With, By:-
With relates to an instrument and ‘By’ to the agent or the doer; as,
- She beat the baby with a stick.
- This book has been written by Mr. Lal.
13.) In, After (Time):-
‘In‘, shows the close of some future period, while ‘after’ relates to the past.
- I shall return in a month.
- I returned from Mumbai after a week.
14.) On, Upon:-
On is generally used in speaking of things at rest, while ‘upon‘ is used to speak of things in motion or action, as,
- The pen is on the table.
- The cat is jumped upon the wall.
15.) In, within:-
In denotes the close or end of some period, while ‘within’ denotes some time short of the close.
- I shall return in two days. (at the end of two days)
- I shall return within two days (before the end of two days)
16.) After, Afterwards:-
After is a preposition and must be followed by a noun or a noun equivalent.
Afterwards is an adverb that is used when there is no noun or noun equivalent.
- I left after saying ‘good evening’.
- I went to college and afterwards had lunch at home.
Appropriate Use of Prepositions
- Kindly abide by the discipline of our school. (keep to)
- He has been advised to abstain from alcohol. (keep away)
- I am not afraid of him. (no fear of)
- He acceded to my request. (agreed)
- He is ashamed of his conduct. (sorry for)
- You must account for your long absence from the office. (explain the cause of)
- Every man is accountable to God for what he does. (responsible)
- He was accused of theft. (charged with)
- He was acquitted of the theft. (declared not guilty)
- It was decided to adjourn the meeting to Sunday. (postpone)
- The meeting was adjourned for two days. (postponed)
- Our school is adjacent to our house. (just near)
- He agreed to my proposal. (accepted)
- I cannot agree with you on this issue. (be of one opinion)
- He was alarmed at the news. (full of fear)
- All were amazed at his unexpected success. (surprised)
- Your speech amounts to an insult to us. (is)
- He was angry with me at my attitude. (displeased)
- I am answerable to none for my conduct. (responsible)
- His father is anxious about his success. (worried)
- I have no appetite for food. (hunger)
- I approve of your suggestion. (listening carefully)
- Attend to what I say. (pay attention to)
- He failed to avail himself of the chance. (take advantage of)
- He was not aware of the plot against him. (conscious)
- Poverty is no bar to greatness. (obstacle)
- She begged a favour of me. (asked for)
- I bear out his statement. (confirm)
- I can no longer bear with his rudeness. (tolerate)
- He is bent upon (or on) doing mischief. (firm)
- He was born to rich parents.
- He was born in a rich family.
- Beware of that dangerous fellow. (take heed)
- He is blind of one eye. (unable to see)
- He is blind to his shortcomings.
- His health broke down due to overwork. (collapsed)
- I have broken with him for political reason. (to cut off connections)
- The thief broke into the house at the dead of night. (to enter by force)
- Cholera has broken out in the city. (spread)
- The meeting broke up at 9 p.m. (dispersed)
- He is busy with his work.
- He is busy in learning his lesson.
- We shall call at his place on Sunday. (visit)
- We have decided to call on the Principal tomorrow at 6 a.m. (go to see)
- The laborers have called off the strike. (to withdraw)
- I was carried away by her beauty. (to be influenced by)
- Ram Murti was charged with theft. (accused of)
- My school is close to my house. (just near)
- Your teacher feels much concerned at your failure. (sorry for)
- How did you come of a noble family? (belongs to)
- I came across a beggar in the street. (saw)
- I am rather concerned for his health. (anxious)
- I have no concern in this matter. (interest)
- I have come to condole with my friend upon the death of his mother.(express sympathy)
- A degree was conferred on him. (granted to)
- The building consists of ten rooms. (is made up of)
- He was convicted of theft. (charged with)
- I count upon you for help. (rely)
- She is deaf to all our requests. (does not listen to)
D, E, F category
- He deals in sugar. (trades)
- Never deal roughly with your younger. (behave)
- He demanded an explanation from me. (asked for)
- He died of Cholera. (died because of)
- I would like to dispose of this case first. (finish)
- Distinguish right from wrong. (explain the difference)
- You may try to distinguish between the two cases.
- You are eligible for this post. (qualified)
- She excels everybody in music. (beats, is superior to)
- He has been expelled from the college. (turned out)
- We are familiar with his tricks. His name is familiar to us.
- The scheme fell through for want of funds. (fail)
- Friends fall off in adversity. (to become fewer)
- He is fond of reading novels. (interested in)
G, H, I, J, K Category
- He has got into serious troubles. (to be involved)
- My brother has got through the examination. (to pass)
- I get up at 4 in the morning.
- I am grateful to you for your help.
- He has given up smoking. (to stop)
- The gun did not go off. (to explode)
- The light will soon go out. (be extinguished)
- He hurled a shoe at the speaker. (threw)
- The train was held up near the bridge. (stopped)
- Always hope for the best.
- I have no hope of success.
- I am ignorant of the consequences. (unaware)
- I enquired of him about his residence. (asked)
- Smoking is injurious to health. (harmful)
- Hard work is the key to success. (leads to)
- Keep an eye on him in my absence. (watch)
- Who is knocking at the door? (striking at)
- He knocked him down with one blow. (threw)
L, M, N, O Category
- He lacks in common sense. (wants, is short in)
- She is laid up with a fever today. (confined to bed)
- He lives at Phillaur in Ludhiana. (a place)
- She lives on milk only. (takes)
- Live by honest means. (use)
- Please look into the matter. (enquire)
- Parents look after their children. (take care of)
- I am looking for my missing dog. (searching)
- Look up this word in the dictionary. (search for)
- I look upon him as my uncle. (regard)
- I could make out nothing from his letter. (understood)
- I have made up my deficiency in English. (compensated)
- He is notorious for drinking. (infamous)
- He is obliged to you for your help. (grateful)
- Be obedient to your elders. (obey)
P, Q, R, S Category
- I cannot part with this money. (give up)
- I cannot part from my beloved.
- He likes to play at cards.
- She fell prey to his tricks. (victim)
- Grief is preying upon her mind. (consume)
- He is proficient in English. (good at)
- I cannot put up with this insult. (tolerate)
- Do not put off till tomorrow what you can do today. (postpone)
- Do not quarrel with your friend over a trifle.
- He is ready for departure.
- He recovered from his illness. (got well)
- You must refrain from such activities. (avoid)
- He can safely rely on (or upon) my word. (depend)
- Do not run after material comforts. (pursue)
- His health has run down. (gone pursue)
- I am now sick of this routine. (tired)
- He has set up a new factory. (started business)
- Winter has set in. (started)
- We are slaves to tradition.
- He badly stared him in the face. (looked)
- They started for Delhi. (left)
- He is suffering from fever.
- You must suffer for your folly.
- His speech was suitable to the occassion.
- I want a house suitable for me.
- I have no sympathy for idlers.
T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z Category
- Take off your shoes before you enter the kitchen. (remove)
- Take down these notes and prepare for the examination. (to record)
- He was talking to me about you.
- He talked of her success.
- He has no taste for music. (liking for )
- I tired of waiting. (sick of)
- He treats us with respect.
- He is true to his promise.
- Trust in God and do the right.(have faith)
- He turned down my request. (rejected)
- He turned up late at night. (appeared)
- We used to hardships. (accustomed)
- I vexed at his behavior. (annoyed)
- He is a victim to the fury of the cyclone.
- I shall wait for you.
- He waited upon the minister, but in vain. (waited to see)
- He warned of the danger. (cautioned)