Present Continuous Tense Rules structure with examples

Present Continuous Tense Rules structure with examples

Present Continuous Tense Rules structure with examples

Definition of Present Continuous Tense:-

The tense is used when expressing an action that is going on the time of speaking.

What is the structure of the Simple Sentence?

Subject + helping verb + verb 1st form + ing + object 

Helping Verb:- There are three types of helping verbs as is, am, are.

I ⇒ am ⇒ I’m

For example

  • Please be quiet. I’m working.
  • I’m going to Agra.
  • Don’t disturb me. I’m writing a letter.

For Singular – He, She, It, one person ⇒ is ⇒ He’s, She’s, It’s

For example

  • Chris is writing a letter.
  • She is eating.
  • The weather is nice at the moment. It’s raining
  • He’s watching the television.

For Plural – You, We, They, These, Those, more than one person ⇒ are

For example

  • They are playing in the park.
  • The children are doing their homework.
  • We are having dinner now.
  • We are staying at the Central Hotel.

USE OF PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

a) To express an action that is going on at the time of speaking, as

  1. She is knitting socks.
  2. You are deceiving your friend.

b) As a substitute for the immediate future, as

  1. My brother is reaching after an hour.
  2. She is leaving this place tomorrow.
  3. You are proceeding to America next month.

Practice exercise

build cook go have stand stay swim work
  1. Please be quiet. I …………………………..
  2. ‘Where’s John?’ ‘He’s in the kitchen. He ……………………………..’
  3. ‘You ……………………. on my foot.’ ‘Oh, I am sorry.’
  4. Look! Somebody ……………………… in the river.
  5. We’re here on holiday. We ……………………….. at the Central Hotel.
  6. ‘Where’s Ann?’ ‘She …………………………… a shower.’
  7. They ……………………… a new theatre in the city center at the moment.
  8. I …………………. now. Goodbye.

Also read, Simple Present Tense Rules Structure with practice exercise


Present Continuous Negative

The present continuous negative sentence – is/am/are + not

Subject + helping verb + not + verb 1st form + ing + object

For SingularHE, SHE, IT ( subject + isn’t + 1st form of verb + ing + object)

For example

  • He is not listening to music
  • It is not raining.
  • She is not going to Delhi.

For Plural  You, They, We, I (Subject + aren’t + Verb 1st form + ing + object)

For example

  • They are not watching television.
  • we are not reading.
  • You are not listening to me.

Practice Exercise

1. Write negative

  1. Gardner is watering plants in the garden.
  2. They are drinking coffee.
  3. She is working women.
  4. He is wearing jeans.
  5. You are lying.
  6. I am eating a piece of bread.
  7. Children are doing their homework.
  8. Rohan is taking a shower at the moment.
  9. We are walking to the sports center.
  10. The baby is crying.

Present Continuous Interrogative

We use is/am/are before the subject in present continuous questions:

Sentence structure:- is/am/are + Subject + 1st form of verb+ ing + object 

For SingularHE, SHE, IT ( is +Subject + 1st form of verb + ing + object)

For example

  • Where is he going?
  • Who is working?
  • Is it raining?

For Plural  You, They, We, I ( am/ are + Subject + Verb 1st form + ing + object)

For example

  • Are you play tennis? ‘No, I’m not.’
  • Are your parents speak English?’ ‘Yes, they are.’
  • What are you doing now?

Practice Exercise

Write interrogative form

  1. I am looking for a new shirt.
  2. Avneet is working hard to buy a new laptop.
  3. They are staying in this hotel for 3 days.
  4. You are becoming better at hockey.
  5. We are always having dinner at 8 p.m.
  6. He is going to the park in the evening.
  7. Reena is doing his work today.
  8. I am walking early in the morning.
  9. He is eating a slice of pizza.
  10. They are driving.

Speaking practice test 4 PTE Academic exam

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