# PTE Reorder paragraphs difficult test exercises 47
The text boxes below have been placed in random order. Restore the original order by rearranging the text boxes in the correct sequence.
a) Moreover, as the software is often built on the achievements of others, writing code could become a legal hurdle race.
b) Critics claim that such intellectual monopolies hinder innovation because software giants can use them to attack fledging competitors.
c) By analogy, if Haydn had patented the symphony form, Mozart would have been in trouble.
d) The issue of patents for software and business methods has been causing a stir in America ever since the Patents and Trademark Office started issuing patents on internet methods in 1998, most famously that for one-click shopping.
e) Proponents argue that these patents provide the necessary incentive to innovate at a time when more inventions are the computer related.
a) The history of mankind is full of such fightings between communities, nation, and people.
b) From the primitive weapons of warfare, man has advanced to modern nuclear weapons.
c) Ever since the dawn of civilization, man has been fighting with the man.
d) Modern war is scientific in character, but the effect is the same, wiping human existence out of this earth.
e) The only difference now seems to be in the efficiency of the instruments used for killing each other.
a) Now under liberated economy, they are learning to compete domestically and globally.
b) In India, corporations, until recently achieved success by avoiding competition, using protected and regulated domestic markets.
c) The trend is irreversible.
d) Business leaders are preparing themselves to meet competitive challenges and to avoid being swept away.
a) When human interventions alter this delicate balance, the outcomes have been seen to be disastrous.
b) In institutions also, there is a need to have in place a system of checks and balances which inhibit the concentration of power in only some individuals.
c) Nature itself is an intricate system of checks and balances, meant to preserve the delicate balance between various environmental factors that affect our ecology.
d) Group decision making, however, does not necessarily fully guard against arbitrariness and anarchy, for individual capriciousness can get substituted by collusion of group members.
a) Since then, intelligence tests have been mostly used to separate dull children in school from average or bright children, so that special education can be provided to the dull.
b) In other words, intelligence tests give us a norm for each age.
c) Intelligence is expressed as intelligence quotient, and tests are developed to indicate what an average child of a certain age can do: what a 5-year-old can answer, but a 4-year-old cannot, for instance.
d) Binet developed the first set of such tests in the early 1900s to find out which children in school needed special attention.
e) Intelligence can be measured by tests.
a) Similarly, turning to caste, even though being lower caste is undoubtedly a separate cause of the disparity, its impact is all the greater when the lower-caste familites also happen to be poor.
b) Belonging to a privileged class can help a woman to overcome many barriers that obstruct women from less thriving classes.
c) It is the interactive presence of these two kinds of deprivation-being low class and being female-that massively impoverishes women from the less privileged classes.
d) A congruence of class deprivation and gender discrimination can blight the lives of poorer women very severely.
e) Gender is certainly a contributor to societal inequality, but it does not act independently class.
a) After several routine elections, there comes critical election which redefines the basic pattern of political loyalties, redraws political geography and open up political space.
b) In the psephological jargon, they call it realignment.
c) Rather since 1989, there have been a series of semi-critical elections.
d) On a strict definition, none of the recent Indian elections qualifies as a critical election.
a) Although there are large regional variations, it is not infrequent to find a large number of people sitting here and there and doing nothing.
b) Once in office, they receive friends and relatives who feel free to call any time without prior appointment.
c) Quite often people visit ailing friends and relatives or go out of their way to help them in their personal matters even during office hours.
d) Even those who are employed often come late to the office and leave early unless they are forced to be punctual.
e) Work is not intrinsically valued in India.
a) In the case of King Merolchazzar’s courtship of the Princess of the Outer Isles, there occurs a regrettable hitch.
b) She acknowledges the gifts, but no word of a meeting date follows.
c) The monarch, hearing good reports of a neighboring princess, dispatches messengers with gifts to her court, beseeching an interview.
d) The princess names a date, and the formal meeting takes place; after that everything buzzes along pretty smoothly.
e) Royal love affairs in olden days were conducted on the correspondence method.
a) To get a head start, early the next morning the farmer started covering ground quickly because he wanted to get as much land as he could.
b) Late in the afternoon, he realized the condition he had to fulfill to get the land was to get back to the starting point by sundown.
c) Even though he was tired, he kept going all afternoon because he did not want to miss this once in a lifetime opportunity to gain more wealth.
d) There is a story about a wealthy who was once offered all the land he could walk on in a day, provided he comes back by sundown to the point where he started.
- d e b a c
- c a b d e
- b a d c
- c a b d
- e d a c b
- e b d c a
- a b d c
- e a d b c
- e c d a b
- d a c b