PTE updating Multiple choice Multiple answer questions 17 water pressure

PTE updating Multiple choice Multiple answer questions 17

# PTE updating Multiple choice Multiple answer questions 17

Read the text and answer the multiple choice question by selecting the correct response. More than one answer is correct.

1.) The first English attempts to colonize North America were controlled by individuals rather than companies. Sir Humphrey Gilbert was the first Englishman to send colonists to the New World. His initial expedition, which sailed in 1578 with a patent granted by Queen Elizabeth was defeated by the Spanish. A second attempt ended in disaster in 1583 when Gilbert and his ship were lost in a storm.

In the following year, Gilbert’s half brother, Sir Water Raleigh, having obtained a renewal of the patent, sponsored an expedition that explored the coast of the region that he named “Virginia”. Under Raleigh’s direction efforts were then made to establish a colony on Roanoke Island in 1585 and 1587. the survivors of the first settlement on Roanoke returned to England in 1586, but the second group of colonists disappeared without leaving a trace.

The failure of the Gilbert and Raleigh ventures made it clear that the tasks they had undertaken were too big for anyone colonizer. Within a short time, the trading company had supplanted the individual promoter of colonization.

Question: Which of the following statements can be supported by this text?

a. . The first English settlement on Roanoke Island was established in 1587.

b. Sir Humphrey Gilbert never settled in North America.

c. Members of the first Roanoke settlement explored the entire coastal region.

d. Sir Walter Raleigh’s initial expedition set out for North America in 1584.

e. The first English people established colonies in North America because they were requested to do so by Queen Elizabeth.

2.) Until the mid-20th century, scientists believed that the chest cavity would implode at around 115 feet. Water pressure, they argued, reaches 65 pounds per square inch at that depth, which is enough to shrink lungs to the size of grapefruits and collapse rib cages like empty soda cans. Their theory went out the window in the 1950s and early 1960s, however, when divers like Enzo Maiorca returned from beyond 115-feet with rib cages intact. We now know that water pressure forces blood vessels in the chest to swell, filling the void left by the lungs with an incompressible fluid.


the dangers of free diving, the most disconcerting is shallow-water blackout-the brains frightening tendency to shut down within 15 feet of the surface during the ascent. As you descend, water pressure squeezes your lungs, condensing the oxygen and giving you what feels like a second breath. During the return trip, however, your lungs re-expand, dissipating what’s left of your oxygen. If levels drop too low, not enough will move into the bloodstream, and the lights go out. Fortunately, the body’s laryngospasm reflex kicks in to tighten the throat and keep water out for up to a minute – just enough time for your dive buddy to drag you to the surface, tilt your head back, and beg, “Breath, baby.”

Knowing Johnston will be there watching my eyes as I ascend (seeing them roll back in the head is a red flag), I dip below the surface. Staying in the syringe – dive speak the surface. Staying in the syringe – dive speak for a tight hydrodynamic column – I kick down to 30 feet, my point of neutral buoyancy, and then sink effortlessly to the bottom. I feel good-surprisingly good-thanks to the densely packed oxygen molecules in my lungs.

Lingering a moment, I peer up at the mirrored surface that separates this liquid world from mine. Diving to 55 feet was no sweat. I figure I reaching what scientists thought, no 50 years ago, was the body’s depth limit. Today, however, that boundary has been pushed to at least 531 feet (the current no-limits world record), which begs the question: Just how deep can humans go? “We don’t know that yet,” says Lundgren, adding ominously. “But one day someone will find out”

Question: Which of the following is true in respect to the effect of water pressure on humans?

a. Scientists believed that the chest cavity would blow up at a depth of about 115 feet.

b. Rib cages will collapse at the water pressure of 65 pounds per square inch.

c. Blood vessels of the chest enlarge and fill the empty space left by lungs that have been compressed.

d. It is now known that the lungs will not shrink with the increase in water pressure.

e. It is no longer believed that the chest cavity will cave in at a depth of about 115 feet.

3.) There is a part of Spains’s sun-baked Andalucia that is extraordinary not only because of its unspoiled terrain and authentic Spanish traditions but also because of its caves. These are not dark, damp holes, with dripping water and evil smells. They are residences, ancient Bronze Age dwellings now being refurbished for hundreds of 21st century Spaniards. In Galera, the region’s most important village, it’s estimated that there are at least 1,000 such habitations carved into its hillsides. “We take old caves, renovate them, then sell them on,” says Rob Oakley, office manager of the leading developer Galera when it was just a tourist attraction 15 years ago and saw its potential.” The ancient abodes are transformed from rough caves into relatively luxurious homes equipped out with amenities like electricity and sewage, phone lines, running hot water, even internet connections.

Question: Which of the following words in the passages have the same meaning of residences?

a. adobes

b. amenities

c. connections

d. dwellings

e. habitations

f. hillsides

g. terrain

4.) The crisis begins in the womb with unplanned parenthood. Women with unplanned pregnancies are less likely to seek prenatal care. In the U.S. 80% of teenage pregnancies and 56% of all pregnancies are unplanned. The problems continue after birth where unplanned pregnancies and unstable partnerships often go hand in hand. Since 1950, the number of single-parent families has nearly tripled. More than 25 percent of all births today are to unmarried mothers. As the number of single-parent families grows and more women enter the workforce, infants and toddlers are increasingly in the care of people other than their parents.

Most disturbingly, recent statistics show that American parents are increasingly neglecting or abusing their children. In only four years from 1987-1991, the number of children in foster care increased by over 50 percent. Babies under the age of one are the fastest growing category of children entering foster care. The crisis affects children under the age of three most severely, the report says. Yet. it is this period from infancy through preschool years that set the stage for a child’s future.

Question: What can be the possible reasons for the increasing neglect and abuse of children?

a. The immaturity and overburdening of parents.

b. The babies being left in foster care where a stranger looks after them.

c. The children being ill-mannered and not respecting their parents.

d. The parents being busy with meeting the financial aspects of the family and not having enough time for the children.


Question 1:- b d

Question 2:- c e

Question 3:- a d e

Question 4:- a b d

These samples are for your practice and can get higher scores. And these samples are provided by students who appeared in the exam in previous dates. So, you can also share your exam experiences and questions as well. Thank you.

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