PTE Writing practice test 2 summary and essay
Summarize written text 1
In 1920, the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was enacted, creating yet another serious setback to the American wine industry. The National Prohibition Act, also known as the Volstead Act, prohibited the manufacture, sale, transportation, importation, exportation, delivery, or possession of intoxicating liquors for beverage purposes, and nearly destroyed what had become a thriving national industry. In 1920 there were more than seven hundred wineries in California. By the end of Prohibition, there were 160.
If Prohibition had lasted only four or five years, its impact on the wine industry might have been negligible. But it continued for thirteen years, during which time grapes went underground literally and figuratively, becoming an important commodity in the criminal economy. One loophole in the Volstead Act allowed for the manufacture and sale of sacramental wines, medicinal wines for sale by pharmacists with a doctor’s prescription, and medicinal wine tonics (fortified wines) sold without a prescription.
Perhaps more importantly, Prohibition allowed anyone to produce up to two hundred gallons of fruit juice or cider each year. The fruit juice, which was sometimes made into a concentrate, was ideal for making wine. Some of this yield found its way to bootleggers throughout America who did just that. But not for long, because the government stepped in and banned the sale of grape juice, preventing illegal wine production. Vineyards stopped being planted, and the American wine industry ground to a halt.
Summarize written text 2
In its periodic quest for culinary identity, Australia automatically looks to its indigenous ingredients, the foods that are native to this country. “There can be little doubt that using an indigenous product must qualify a dish as Australian”, notes Stephanie Alexander.
Similarly, and without qualification, Checkoff states that “A uniquely Australian food culture can only be based upon foods indigenous to this country”, although, as Craw remarks, proposing Australian native foods as national symbols rely more upon their association with ‘nature’ and geographic origin than on common usage. Notwithstanding the lack of justification for the premise that national dishes are, of necessity, founded on ingredients native to the country—after all, Italy’s gastronomic identity is tied to the nonindigenous tomato, Thailand’s to the non-indigenous chili—the reality is that Australians do not eat indigenous foods in significant quantities.
The exceptions are fish, crustaceans, and shellfish from oceans, rivers, and lakes, most of which are unarguably unique to this country. Despite valiant and well-intentioned efforts today at promoting and encouraging the consumption of native resources, bush foods are not harvested or produced in sufficient quantities for them to be a standard component of Australian diets, nor are they generally accessible. Indigenous foods are less relevant to Australian identity today than lamb and passion fruit, both initially imported and now naturalized.
In academic studies, grouping students according to academic abilities are good or not good? Give your opinions.
In the competitive era, teachers give preference to make groups of the student according to their interest or abilities in education. No doubt this leads to ease up student work, and it helps in brush up their skills. I firmly believe that it improves our learning ability. In the forthcoming paragraphs, we will elaborate on different views to lead a plausible conclusion.
To begin with, there are a lot of benefits of studying in groups because some subjects are boring such as history, philosophy. The groups make these subjects interesting for study because we can share our ideas and experiences. Also, we can learn in other ways such an annoying question. For instance, when we study alone, we spend a lot of time on one subject while in a group it becomes easier to consider all the logic.
Probing further, group discussion or study is an utmost necessity since it develops our negotiation skills like making a contribution, agreeing, dis-agree or co-operation with other individuals. The weakening in any point is also cleared because of full range minds and their experience available there. Co-operation between students is vital because it helps the student in future without grouping them never learns this skill. Finally, we can put forward working in groups as an example of what happens in real life.
On the other hand, studying alone can help the pupil to concentrate better on their subjects. There is no distraction from one another. To exemplify, topics like mathematics, science, requires full concentration. There is one drawback of studying in groups; some students are not so serious about their study, so they distract the other students. It makes them weak in studies, working alone build up confidence and ability to solve problems. The pupil becomes more competitive which is necessary in today’s world.
To conclude, from my perspective grouping of pupils according to their ability is the need of the hour. The above information makes it clear that gathering is the utmost necessity. So, its advantages hold more water as compared to its disadvantages.