READ ALOUD REAL EXAM EXAMPLES PRACTICE 38
Look at the text below. In 40 seconds, you must read this text aloud as naturally and as clearly as possible. You have 40 seconds to read aloud.
Birds are warm-blooded vertebrate (having a backbone) creatures whose bones covered with wings and whose forelimbs modified into arms. Most can climb. Birds are in the group Aves, which includes over 9,500 varieties distributed among 31 alive forms. One method, the Passeriformes or resting birds, estimates for more than one-half of all breathing kinds of birds.
A specimen discovery by specialists in 2000, despite, threw into distrust the theory of birds’ growth. The traces in the proposal were shoveled in 1969 in Kyrgyzstan, a former Soviet republic, but were not correctly identifying till some thirty years later. The pet, Longisquama insignis, existed in Central Asia 220 million years ago, not long after the time of the preeminent dinosaurs. From footprints left in the sand, it had four limbs and what appeared to be wings on its frame.
The modified forelimbs, or sections, of birds, uses for climbing or gliding — the hind way of limbs for walking, perching or floating. Floating birds typically have webbed paws that serve them in going through the river. The soaring bird’s osseins are the construction for effort. They are very sheer and have many dark areas. Muscular tissues connect the wing bones to the keeled or ridged, breastbone, and the pelvic osseins are fused so that they are stiff in flight.
The jowls of coots are modified into a robust snout, or bill, that has no teeth, and that is shaped according to the eating practices of each variety. Like beasts, coots have a four-chambered heart that pumps blood to the lungs to get oxygen and next to the body tissues to divide that oxygen. Fertilization occurs privately, and the female lays hard-shelled eggs—generally in some nest—that have a different yolk. One or seldom both parents lie on the eggs until they bear, and the junior of almost all varieties are worried for by both parents.
Oregon State University scientists John Ruben and Terry Jones produced this artist’s vision of what they supposed Longisquama insignis would have seemed like, as it flew within trees in central Asia 220 million years ago. As outlined in a publication in the magazine Science, the researchers say this creature may have been the unexpected relative of birds but was not a dinosaur. Click on picture to go to downloadable photo.
“I had been asked to give a talk on dinosaur biology in a Kansas City purchasing market where this show was,” Ruben said. “Terry Jones and I took one look at these relics, and we recognized this was an old-fashioned animal with wings. We lingered up all night in an abandoned building in the market to analyze it.”
“A point that too many people always ignored, however, is that the most birdlike of the dinosaurs, such as Bambiraptor and Velociraptor, lived 70 million years after the earliest bird, Archaeopteryx,” Ruben said. “So you have birds flying before the evolution of the first birdlike dinosaurs. We now question very strongly whether there were any feathered dinosaurs at all. What have been called feathered dinosaurs were probably flightless birds.”