Reading practice test PTE real exam questions 6

Reading practice test PTE real exam questions 6

# Reading practice test PTE real exam questions 6

Multiple choice Single answer

Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting the correct response. Only one response is correct.

1.) Sample

The fossil consists of a complete skull of an archaeocyte, an extinct group of ancestors of modern cetaceans, Although limited to a skull, the Pakicetus fossil provides precious details on the origins of cetaceans. The skull is cetacean-like but its jawbones lack the enlarged space that is filled with fat or oil and used for receiving underwater sound in modern whales. Pakicetus probably detected sound through the ear opening as in land mammals. The skull also lacks a blowhole, another cetacean adaptation for diving. Other features, however, show experts that Pakicetus is a transitional form between a group of extinct flesh-eating mammals, the mesonychids, and cetaceans. It has been suggested that Pakicetus fed on fish in shallow water and was not yet adapted for life in the open ocean. It probably bred and gave birth on land.

Question. Pakicetus and modern cetaceans have similar.

  1. hearing structures
  2. adaptations for diving
  3. skull shapes
  4. feeding locations

2.) Sample

Until the 1600s, English was, for the most part, spoken only in England. However, during the course of the next two centuries, English began to spread around the globe as a result of exploration, trade, colonization, and missionary work. English gradually became the primary language of international business, banking, and diplomacy. Currently, more than 80 percent of the information stored on computer systems worldwide is in English, and English is the main language of technology, advertising, media, international airports, and air traffic controllers. Today there are more than 700 million English users in the world, and over half of these are non-native speakers, constituting the largest number of non-native users of any language in the world.

Question. Which of the following most accurately summarizes the opinion of the author in the text?

  1. Small enclaves of English speakers have grown in various parts of the world.
  2. Over the past 500 years, small English communities have proliferated all over the world.
  3. English has become the dominant language of international communication.
  4. English is the native language of more than half a billion people of the world.

Multiple choices Multiple answers

Read the text and answer the multiple-choice question by selecting all the correct responses. More than one response is correct.

1.) Sample

Scientists are actively investigating the feedback mechanism within the physical, chemical, and biological components of Earth’s climate system in order to make accurate predictions of the effects the rise in greenhouse gases will have on future global climates. Global circulation models are important tools in this process. These models incorporate current knowledge on atmospheric circulation patterns, ocean currents, the effect of landmasses, and the like to predict climate under changed conditions.

There are several models show substantial changes in a climate when carbon dioxide concentration is doubled. However, there are significant differences in the regional climates predicted by different models. Most models project greater temperature increases in mid-latitude regions and in mid-continental regions relative to the global average. Additionally, changes in precipitation patterns are predicted, with decreases in mid-latitude regions and increased rainfall in some tropical areas. Finally, most models predict that there will be increased occurrences of extreme events, such as extended periods without rain (drought), extreme heat waves, greater seasonal variation in temperatures, and increases in the frequency and magnitude of severe storms. Plants and animals have strong responses to virtually every aspect of these projected global changes.

Question. According to paragraph, climate models predict that all of the following events will occur with the increase in greenhouse gases Except

  1. greater seasonal temperature changes.
  2. prolonged heat waves.
  3. increased diversity of plants and animals.
  4. longer dry periods.
  5. greater temperature increases in mid-latitude regions.

2. Sample

The current concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is about 360 parts per million. Human activities are having a major influence on atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations of carbon dioxide will double in the next 50 to 100 years. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) report in 1992, which represents a consensus of most atmospheric scientists, predicts that a doubling of carbon dioxide concentration would raise global temperatures anywhere between 1.4° C and 4.5° C. The IPCC report issued in 2001 raised the temperature is greater than the changes that occurred in the past between ice ages.

The increase in temperatures would not be uniform, with the smallest changes at the equator and changes two or three times as great at the poles. The local effects of these global changes are difficult to predict, but it is generally agreed that they may include alterations in ocean currents, increased winter flooding in some areas of the Northern Hemisphere, a higher incidence of summer.

Question. According to the paragraph, What can be said about the effects of global changes?

  1. The effects may occur more conspicuously in certain areas than others.
  2. The local plants and animals will be permanently damaged.
  3. It is hard to know exactly what form the local effects will take.
  4. Seawater levels will fall around the world.
  5. The effects will not occur in some regions of the world.

Reorder Paragraphs

The text boxes below have been placed in random order. Restore the original order by rearranging the text boxes in the correct sequence.

1. Re-order

a) “At its core is an achingly powerful examination of the many forms of love, forged through the crucible of war.”

b) FremantleMedia’s production of Picnic at Hanging Rock for Foxtel and Amazon Prime will have its world television premiere on 6 May on Foxtel.

c) No broadcaster is yet attached to this project, a spokesman for FremantleMedia said.

d) “Rich with insights on the human condition, it is tender for arras adaptation with large o potential and scale,” Porter said.

e) FremantleMedia’s director of drama, Jo Porter, said the Deep North was a compelling universal story made for television.

2. Re-order

a) For Newnes, that meant becoming home to thousands and thousands of glow worms.

b) The glow worm is a catch-all name for the bioluminescent larvae of various species, in this case, the Arachnocampa richardsae, a type of fungus gnat. Found in massive numbers in caves, the fungus gnat larvae cling to the rocky walls of the abandoned tunnel and hunt with long, glowing strings of sticky mucus.

c) The Newnes railroad was closed in 1932 after 25 years of shipping oil shale.

d) The rails were pulled out of the 600-meter tunnel, which had been bored through the sandstone in the Wollemi National Park, and the tunnel was left to its own devices.

3. Re-order

a) It is a system in which functions as an accounting information system.

b) Are there any systems that can measure the Accounting System?

c) Well, there is accounting software describes a type of application software that records and processes accounting transactions within functional modules such as accounts payable, accounts receivable, payroll, and trial balance.

d) This enables the access anywhere at any time with any device which is Internet-enabled, or maybe desktop based. It varies greatly in its complexity and cost.

e) These tools identify quality customer service and create a climate of confidence, a customer service strategy that helps meet the specific needs.

4. Re-order

a) Without these, Hip Hop culture would never have been, and it is because these values remain at its core that Hip Hop is such a powerful agent of positive social change around the world.

b) It necessarily embodies and values resilience, understanding, community and social justice.

c) Hip hop emerged as a reaction to the gang culture and violence of the South Bronx in the 1970s, and daily experiences of poverty, racism, exlusion, crime, violence, and neglect.

d) Yet, the hip hop project is not yet free from these difficult circumstances.


Reading fill in the blanks

Read the following paragraph and choose the correct option to fill the gaps.

1.) Sample

recruit reviewed employ alleged allergy conceive conceal increases decreases revised

Discrimination against women has been ………………………………. in hiring practices for many occupations, but it is extremely difficult to demonstrate sex-biased hiring. A change in the way symphony orchestras ………………………….. their audition policies in the 1970s and 1980s. a major change involved the use of blind auditions with a screen to ………………………………. the identity of the candidate from the jury. Female musicians in the top five symphony orchestras in the United States were less than 5% of all players in 1970 but are 25% today.

We ask whether women were more likely to be advanced and hired with the use of blind auditions. Using data from actual auditions in an individual fixed-effects framework. we find that the screen …………………………… by 50% the probability a woman will be advanced out of certain preliminary rounds. the screen also enhances, by several folds, the likelihood a female contestant will be the winner in the final round. Using data on orchestra personnel, the switch to blind auditions can explain between 30% and 55% of the increase in the proportion female among new hires and between 25% and 46% of the increase in the percentage female in the orchestras since 1970.

2.) Sample

nevertheless because exposed proved magnitude perceived magnificence

So why is it a concern? It is ………………………. radioactivity is invisible and unsensed, and for that reason is ……………………………… as scary …………………………………., we understand quite well the radiation levels to which people can be ……………………………….. without harm, and those levels are orders of ……………………………….. above the typical background levels.

3.) Sample

statistically maintaining subsidies preserving extremely perfectly protected preserved hopes

Bhutan is the last standing Buddhist Kingdom in the World and, until recently, has ……………………………. much of their culture since the 17th century by avoiding globalization and staying isolated from the world Internet, television, and western dress were banned from the country up until ten years ago. But over the past ten years, globalization has begun to change in Bhutan, but things remain …………………………………… balanced. Bhutan is the only country in the world that has a ‘GNH.5. You may think GNH is just another …………………………………… based term with no real-life application, but it refers to “Gross National Happiness.”

The process of measuring GNH began when Bhutan opened to globalization. It measures people’s quality of life and makes sure that “material and spiritual development happen together.” Bhutan has done an amazing job of finding this balance. Bhutan has continually been ranked as the happiest country in all of Asia and the eighth Happiest Country in the world according to Business Week. In 2007, Bhutan had the second fastest growing GDP in the world, at the same time as ………………………………….. their environment and cultural identity. Bhutan is the only Buddhist Kingdom in the world; Mahayana Buddhism is the official religion of Bhutan. Over two-thirds of the people are Buddhist, and Buddhism is supported by the government both politically and economically. The government gives …………………………………. to Buddhist monasteries. shrines, monks and other Buddhist programs.

4.) Sample

entire Gentle entire Land water hot moderate heavy

…………………………………………… of fierce, the wind always starts in the same way. The wind is formed by the circulation of air. The sun heats up some parts of the sea and the land. The air among the ……………………………….. spot warms up and rises. The cold air drops because it is ………………………………. Some wind circulates within a small area. Others blow in the …………………………….. globe.


Reading and writing fill the blanks

Below is a text with blanks. For each blank, there is a list of choices. Select the appropriate answer choice for each blank.

1.) Sample

A) electricity

electric

electronic

electrical

B) pushing

supplying

need

demanding

C) few

much

several

many

D) needs

main

sustain

lively

E) common

usual

daily

simple

One thing is certain. Most people do not get enough exercise in their ordinary routines. All of the advances of modern technology – from ………………………………. can openers to power steering — have made life easier, more comfortable and much less physically ………………………….. Yet, our bodies need activity, especially if they are carrying around too ……………………………….. fat. Satisfying this need requires a definite plan and a commitment. There are two ………………………………. ways to increase the number of calories you expand: Start a regular exercise program if you do not have one already. Increase the amount of physical activity in your …………………………….. routine.

2.) Sample

A) makes

gets

drives

takes

B) amount

type

diet

source

C) you

dip

surge

for

D) twigs

branches

holes

sides

E) danger

need

eagerness

condition

With their punk hairstyles and bright colors, marmosets and tamarins are among the most attractive primates on earth. These fast-moving, lightweight animals live in the rainforests of South America. Their small size …………………………. it easy for them to dart about the trees, catching insects and small animals such as lizards, frogs, and snails. Marmosets have another unusual food ……………………………….. they use their chisel-like incisor teeth to …………………………….. into tree bark and lap up the gummy sap that seeps out, leaving telltale, oval-shaped holes in the ……………………………… when they have finished. But as vast tracts of rainforest are cleared for plantations and cattle ranches marmosets and tamarins are in serious ………………………………….. of extinction.

3.) Sample

A.) selected

exempted

believed

missed

B) should

have

being

were

C) Interest

preference

tracks

tastes

D) suggested

intervened

spoken

intermediated

E) use

piece

charge

pride

F) opportunity

location

area

place

What history books tell us about the past is not everything that happened, but what historians have ……………………………… They cannot out in everything: choices …………………………… to be made. Choices must similarly be made about which aspects of the past should be formally taught to the next generation in the shape of school history lessons. So, for example, when a national school curriculum for England and Wales was first discussed at the end of the 1980s, the history curriculum was the subject of considerable public and media …………………………………. Politicians argued about it; people wrote letters to the press about it; the Prime Minister of the time, Margaret Thatcher …………………………….., in the debate. Let us think first about the question of content. There were two main camps on this issue – those who thought the history of Britain should take ………………………………… of ………………………………., and those who favored what was referred to as ‘world history’.

4.) Sample

A.) possibly

likely

probably

occasionally

B) effortlessly

easily

smoothly

likely

C) principles

mechanisms

ideas

concepts

D) manipulating

automating

facilitating

controlling

About 10,000 years ago, people learned how to make cloth. Wool, cotton, flax, or hemp was first spun into a thin thread, using a spindle. The thread was then woven into a fabric. The earliest weaving machines …………………………… consisted of little more than a pair of sticks that held a set of parallel threads, called the wrap, while the cross-thread, called the weft was inserted Later machines called looms had roads that separated the threads to allow the weft to be inserted more ………………………………….., a piece of wood, called the shuttle, holding a spool of thread, was passed between the separated threads.

The basic ………………………….. of spinning and weaving have stayed the same until the present day though during the industrial revolution of the 18th century many ways were found of …………………………….. processes. With new machines such as the spinning mule, many threads could be spun at the same time, and with the help of devices like the flying shuttle, broad pieces of cloth could be woven at great speed.




Speaking practice test 4 PTE Academic exam

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