Rules and Steps to writing a summary
Two rules for writing a Summary
- Precision- Keep your summary accurate. Never include information that is not the part of the paragraph. You can’t conclude anything of your own. You are supposed to rewrite the paragraph in less number of words.
- Brevity- Avoid unnecessary words and sentence that don’t help the summary to convey the message. Try to make long sentences shorter.
Paragraph- Putting an end to the 60 years old practice of barring women from becoming makeup artists in the Mumbai Film industry, The Supreme Court on November 11, 2014, allowed qualified women to be appointed for this job.
Summary- On 11 November 2014. Supreme court allowed women to work as for makeup artists in Mumbai film industry.
If you read the above example closely, I have used same words and didn’t miss any information. In the above example date of order and name of the industry is important, if you ignore these words, you won’t fetch good marks. What I was trying to convey is – Don’t skip any important information for the sake of Brevity as Precision is also important.
You need to make a balance between
Brevity – concise and exact use of words in writing or speech.
Precision – the quality, condition, or fact of being exact and accurate.
- Read the paragraph and count the words.
- Write important points and link them.
- Start writing the paragraph and review them.
- While writing, don’t go back and read the paragraph again
- Edit and modify.
Tips for Summarize Written text
- The number of words in the summary should of 1/3 of the actual Paragraph.
- Don’t change the central idea of the paragraph.
- Retain the keywords of the paragraph.
- Don’t waste your time in counting words, instead count lines.
- Your summary should be completed in one paragraph only.
- Avoid weak sentences.
- Give an apt title.
- Don’t give your personal opinion.
- Don’t use any idiom of your own.
- Never conclude anything of your own.
- Never assume anything.