Simple Present Tense Rules Structure with practice exercise

Simple Present Tense Rules Structure with practice exercise

Simple Present Tense Rules Structure with practice exercise

Definition of Simple Present Tense:-

We use the present simple for things that are true in general, or for things that happen sometimes or all the time.

What is the structure of the Simple Sentence?

Subject + verb(1st form + s or es)+ object 

There are two types of subjects and according to that usage of s or es with the verb is selected i.e. Singular and Plural subject.

For SingularHE, SHE, IT   (Subject + Verb 1st form + s or es + Object)

For example

  • Tim works very hard. He starts at 7:30 and finishes at 8 o’clock in the evening.
  • It costs a lot of money to stay at luxury hotels.
  • She eats food.
  • He reads a book

For PluralYou, They, We, I (Subject + Verb 1st form + object)

For example

  • I like big cities.
  • The shops open at 9 o’clock and close at 5:30.
  • The Earth goes around the Sun.
  • We do a lot of different things in our free time.

Also read, Simple Sentence Complex Sentence practice with examples

USE of Simple Present Tense:

a) To express what is actually taking place at the present moment: as,

  1. I play.
  2. The boys sing a song.
  3. See how he works!

b) To express a habitual action, a habit or a custom; as, 

  1. She reads a newspaper every day.
  2. I get up early in the morning.
  3. He goes for a walk daily

c) To express a general truth; as,

  1. The earth revolves around the sun.
  2. Man is mortal.
  3. Sugar is sweet.

d) To narrate some past events in an exciting or a vivid manner; as,

  1. The plane takes off. Suddenly, a young man in black clothes rushes into the cockpit. He carries a revolver in his hand. Two more young men and a young girl appear on the scene with hand grenades in their hands. They shout: “Nobody shall try to get up. Keep where you are.”

e) To express a future event, which is already arranged; as,

  1. The ship sails for England next week.
  2. Our examination begins on Wednesday.

f) To quote authors; as,

  1. Keats says, “A thing of beauty is a joy forever.”
  2. Pope writes, “A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.”

g) In conditional sentences; as,

  1. If I go to Delhi, I shall bring a camera for you.
  2. If Sachin plays in this match, we shall win.

h) With a verb which cannot be used in continuous form; as,

  1. She loves me. (It is wrong to say; she is loving me.)
  2. I know you. (not ‘I am knowing you’)
  3. It seems proper.
  4. Virtue means goodness.

Practice exercise

Complete the sentences. Use given verbs:

boil close cost cost like like meet open teach wash
  1. Margaret ……………………. for languages.
  2. In Britain the banks usually ………………………………. at 9:30 in the morning.
  3. The City Museum …………………… at 5 o’clock in the evening.
  4. Tina is a teacher. She ………………….. mathematics to young children.
  5. My job is very interesting. I …………………….. a lot of people.
  6. Peter ………………………… his hair twice a week.
  7. Food is expensive. It …………………. a lot of money.
  8. Shoes are expensive. They …………………….. a lot of money.
  9. Water ………………………. at 100 degrees Celsius.
  10. Julia and I are good friends. I ……………………….. her and she ………………… me.

Answers:-


Present Simple Negative

The present simple negative sentence is don’t/doesn’t + verb

Sentence structure :- Subject + don’t/doesn’t + 1st form of verb+ object 

For SingularHE, SHE, IT ( subject + doesn’t + 1st form of verb + object)

For example

  • Sue drinks tea but she doesn’t drink coffee.
  • The weather is usually nice. It doesn’t rain very often.
  • He doesn’t usually have breakfast.

For Plural  You, They, We, I (Subject + don’t + Verb 1st form + object)

For example

  • I drink coffee but I don’t drink tea.
  • You don’t work very hard.
  • We don’t work very hard.
  • We don’t watch television very often.
  • Gerry and Linda don’t know many people.

How to improve Vocabulary what are antonym synonym homonym

Practice exercise

1. Write the negative.

    1. I play the piano very well.
    2. Jane plays the piano very well.
    3. They know my phone number.
    4. We work very hard.
    5. He has a bath every day.
    6. You do the same thing every day.

2. Complete the sentences. All of them are negative. Use don’t/ doesn’t + one of these verbs:

cost go know see use wear
  1. I buy a newspaper every day but sometimes I ……………………………….. it.
  2. Paul has a car but he …………………………… it very often.
  3. They like films but they ………………………. to the cinema very often.
  4. Amanda is married but she ………………………… a ring.
  5. I ………………………… much about politics. I’m not interested in it.
  6. It’s not an expensive hotel. It ……………………… much to stay there.
  7. The brain lives near us but we …………………………. him very often.

3. Put the verb into the correct form, positive or negative.

  1. Margret …………………… four languages – English, French, German and Spanish. (speak)
  2. I …………………………. my job. It’s very boring. (like)
  3. ‘Where’s Martin?’ ‘I’m sorry. I ……………………………… (know)
  4. Sue is a very quiet person. She ………………………….. very much. (talk)
  5. Jim ………………………………. a lot of tea. It’s his favorite drink. (drink)
  6. It’s not true ! I ……………………………….. it! (believe)
  7. That’s a very beautiful picture. I ………………………… it very much. (like)
  8. Mark is a vegetarian. He …………………………….. meat. (eat)

Present Simple Interrogative

We use do/does before the subject in present simple questions:

Sentence structure:- don’t/doesn’t + Subject + 1st form of verb+ object 

For SingularHE, SHE, IT ( doesn’t +Subject + 1st form of verb + object)

For example

  • Do you play tennis? ‘No, I don’t.’
  • Do your parents speak English?’ ‘Yes, they do.’
  • What do you do?
  • How do you do?

For Plural  You, They, We, I ( don’t + Subject + Verb 1st form + object)

For example

  • Does George work hard?’ ‘Yes, he does.’
  • Does your sister live in London.’ ‘No, she doesn’t.’

Practice Exercise

1.) Write questions with Do ….? and Does………..?

  1. I like chocolate. And you?
  2. I play tennis. And you?
  3. Tom plays tennis. And Ann?
  4. You live near here. And your friends?
  5. You speak English. And your friends?
  6. I do exercises every morning. And you?
  7. Sue often goes away. And Paul?
  8. I want to be famous. And you?
  9. You work hard. And Linda?

Speaking practice test 4 PTE Academic exam

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