Simple Sentence Complex Sentence practice with examples

Simple Sentence Complex Sentence practice with examples

Simple Sentence Complex Sentence practice with examples

Types of Sentences

There are 3 types of sentence :-

  1. Simple Sentence
  2. Compound Sentence
  3. Complex Sentence

1. Simple Sentence :- A Sentence which has only one subject and one predicate is known as a Simple Sentence.

For example :-

a) My sister works very hard.

Subject – My sister

Predicate – works very hard

b) Three of the students were absent

Subject – Three of the students

Predicate – were absent

2. Compound Sentence :- A Compound Sentence is composed of two or more co-ordinate clauses.

For example :-

a) Gurpreet loves Mathematics but Simran hates it.

Co-ordinate clause 1 – Gurpreet loves Mathematics

Co-ordinate clause 2 – Simran hates it

In this Compound Sentence, two co-ordinate clauses ‘Gurpreet loves Mathematics’ and ‘Simran hates it’ are joined by the co-ordinate conjunction but

3. Complex Sentence :- A Complex Sentence is composed of two or more clauses. One of the clauses in a Complex Sentence is more important than the other/others. the more important clause is called the Main clause or the Principal Clause. The less important Clause/Clauses is/are called the Subordinate or Dependent Clause/Clauses.

For example :-

a) I know a man who lives in Canada.

Principal clause  – I know a man

Sub-ordinate clause 1  – who lives in Canada

The Sentence given above is made up of two parts (clauses) each having a subject and a predicate of its own.

Here is an example of a Complex Sentence which contains one Principal Clause and two Sub-ordinate Clauses.

b) I know a man who sells oranges where the two roads meet.

Principal clause  – I know a man

Sub-ordinate clause 1 – who sales oranges

Sub-ordinate clause 2 – where the two roads meet.

Simple Sentence and Complex Sentence practice with examples

Practice Exercise :- Specify whether the following sentences are simple or complex

  1. God helps those who help themselves.
  2. The teacher said that the earth moves around the sun.
  3. The boy standing under the tree works very hard.
  4. When it rains, we do not play.
  5. The doctor advised the patient to give up drinking.
  6. She went to the doctor because she had pain in her stomach.
  7. She worked hard so that she should top the list.
  8. There are seven days in a week.
  9. All the good students in our school talk in English.
  10. All the good teachers who teach us talk in Punjabi.

Types of Subordinate Clauses:

Subordinate clauses can be divided into three types :

  1. Noun Clauses
  2. Adjective Clauses
  3. Adverb Clauses

1. Noun Clause :- A Noun Clause functions as a noun in a Complex Sentences. It generally occupies the place of the subject or the object as illustrated in the following sentences:

For example :-

a) That Simran is honest is a fact.

Subject of  a verb  – That Simran is honest

b) Tell me where the doctor lives

Object of a verb  – where the doctor lives

c) The truth is that the does not love you.

Complement of a Be-type verb  

Be-type verb  – is

object  – that he does not love you

d) She agreed to what I said.

Object of a Preposition 

Preposition  – to

object  – what I said.

e) We were glad to learn that India had won the match.

Object of an infinitive 

infinitive phrase  – to learn

object  – that India had won the match

f) I went to the teacher finding that I could not solve the sum myself

participle – finding

Object – that I could not solve the sum myself

Practice Exercise :- Pick out the Noun Clauses in each of the following sentences:

  1. Please tell me where I can find good sweaters.
  2. She hopes that she will pass this year.
  3. You should understand why you failed last year.
  4. He does not know what harm can come to him.
  5. We do not know how she completed such a difficult job.
  6. When the train will arrive is not certain.
  7. I did not reply to what she said.
  8. We visited her knowing that she had met with an accident.
  9. I was very glad to get what I wanted.
  10. The truth is that most people are after money.

2. Adjective Clause :- An Adjective Clause functions as an Adjective. Therefore, it qualifies a noun or pronoun in some other clause. Adjective Clauses, are introduced in two ways:

For example :-

1. By relative pronouns like who, whose, whom, which, that etc.

a) She is the girl who came first.

Principal Clause  – She is the girl

Subordinate Clause  – who came first

b) This is the town to which he came then.

Principal Clause  – This is the town

Adjective Clause  – to which he came then

2. By relative adverbs like when, how etc.

c) This is the time when he wakes up in the morning.

Main Clause  – This is the time

Sub-ordinate Clause functioning as Adjective Clause  – when he wakes up in the morning.

Practice Exercise :- Pick out the Adjective Clause in each of the following sentences:

  1. The girl whose father is a doctor lives here.
  2. God helps those who help themselves.
  3. The book I thought yesterday is missing.
  4. This is the same story as my sister told me yesterday.
  5. I have found the books which you lost yesterday.
  6. Papa forgot to tell us the time when he would return.
  7. This is the school where Raju got education.
  8. Greed for money is a long road that has no end.
  9. That was the film that I liked the most.
  10. The hand that rocks the cradle rules the world.

3. Adverb Clause :- An Adverb Clause functions as an Adverb. It functions to modify a Verb, an Adjective or an Adverb.

An Adverb Clause may express one of the following:

For example :-

1. Clause or Reason:- An adverb clause of reason begins with because, since, for, as etc.

a) She could not meet me then because she was teaching.

b) I cannot attend school for I am down with malaria.

2. Time:- An adverb clause of time is introduced by when, after, before, until, as long as, while etc.

a) Please telephone me as soon as you reach home.

b) You must wash your hands before you eat breakfast.

3. Purpose:- An adverb clause of purpose begins with so that, in order that, lest, should, etc.

a) He joined the boarding school so that he could study well.

b) Don’t touch the live electric wire, lest you should die.

4. Condition:- An adverb clause of condition begins with if, in case, provided that, etc.

a) I cannot go out unless mother allows me to do.

b) If you want to keep fit, take exercise daily.

5. Place:- An adverb clause of place begins with where, wherever, whence etc.

a) My dog will follow me wherever I go.

b) Nobody knows whence he came.

6. Manner or Extent:- An adverb clause of Manner or Extent is introduced by as if, as though, as far as, so far, etc.

a) He is walking as if he were lame.

b) As far as I know, he has left Ludhiana.

8. Comparison:- An adverb clause of comparison begins with than, as much as, no less than, etc.

a) Girls are not generally so tall as boys.

b) I am more intelligent than your sister.

9. Proportion:- An adverb clause of proportion begins with The + comparative degree of Adjective or Adverb

a) The deeper the well, the sweeter the water.

b) The earlier she starts, the better it will be.

Practice Exercise :- Pick out the Adverb Clause in each of the following sentences:

  1. The tighter the belt, the smarter the person.
  2. In case it rains, we shall play indoor games.
  3. He woke up early so that he could catch the train.
  4. I will join a college even if my parents are against it.
  5. Look before you leap.
  6. There is no need to worry as long as you are working.
  7. As time went by, he saved a lot of money.
  8. He reached the station after the train had left.
  9. I’ll put it where no one will see it.
  10. I met him as he was coming from college.

 

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