Speaking read aloud PTE practice question 37
Look at the text below. In 40 seconds, you must read this text aloud as naturally and as clearly as possible. You have 40 seconds to read aloud.
Impressionist painters were considered radical in their time because they broke many of the rules of picture making set by earlier generations. They found many of their subjects in life around them rather than in history, which was then the accepted source of the subject matter.
Called Chomolungma (“goddess mother of the world”) in Tibet and Sagarmatha (“goddess of the sky”) in Nepal, Mount Everest once went by the pedestrian name of Peak XV among Westerners. That was before surveyors established that it was the highest mountain on Earth, a fact that came as something of a surprise – Peak XV had seemed lost in the crowd of other formidable Himalayan peaks, many of which gave the illusion of greater higher.
The mountain received its official name in 1865 in honor of Sir George Everest, the British Surveyor General from 1830-1843 who had mapped the Indian subcontinent. He had some reservations about having his name bestowed on the peak, arguing that the mountain should retain its local appellation, the standard policy of geographical societies.
Before the Survey of India, a number of other mountains ranked supreme in the eyes of the world. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Andean peak Chimborazo was considered the highest. At a relatively unremarkable 20,561 feet (6,310 m), it is in fact nowhere near the highest, surpassed by about thirty other Andean peaks and several dozen in the Himalayas.
You may well ask why science did not warn us of global warming sooner; I think that there are several reasons, we were from 1970 until the century distracted by the important global problem of stratospheric ozone depletion, which we knew was manageable. We threw all our efforts into it and succeeded but had little time to spend on climate change.
Climate science was also neglected because twentieth-century science failed to recognize the true nature of Earth as a responsive self-regulating entity. Biologists were so carried away by and that evolution concerns the whole Earth system with living organisms and integral part of it. Earth is not the billion years ago but now our planet has worked hard, against ever-increasing heat from the Sun, to keep itself habitable.
The precise relationship between fiction and life has been debated extensively. Most modern critics agree that, whatever its apparent factual content or verisimilitude, fiction is finally to be regarded as a structured imitation of life and should not be confused with a literal transcription of life itself. While fiction is a work of the imagination rather than reality. It can also be based closely on real events, sometimes experienced by the author.
Sometimes that distance is obvious for instance if a male writer tells a story from the point of view of a female character. Other times it is not too obvious, especially if we know something of the author’s life and there are clear connections between the story and the author’s life. The writer of fiction is free to choose his or her subject matter and is free to invent, select, and arrange functional elements to achieve his or her purpose.
The elements of fiction are the different components that make up a work of fiction. All literature explores a theme or significant truth expressed in various elements such as character, plot, setting, point of view, style and tone that are essential and specific to each work of fiction. All of these elements bin a literary work into a consistent whole and give it unity. Understanding these elements can help the reader gain insight into life, human motives, and experience. Such insight is one of the principal aims of an effective work of fiction.
Sharks killed four people and bit 58 others around the world in 2006, a comparatively dull year for dangerous encounters between the two species, scientists said in their annual shark attack census on Tuesday. Sharkable numbers grew steadily over the last century as humans reproduced exponentially and spent more time at the seashore.