How to improve Vocabulary what are antonym synonym homonym

How to improve Vocabulary what are antonym synonym homonym

How to improve Vocabulary what are synonym antonym homonym

What is Vocabulary

  1. The words used in a language or a particular book or branch of science etc.
  2. All the words of a language.
  3. The sum of words used by, understood by, or at the command of a particular person or group.
  4. A list of words and often phrases usually arranged alphabetically and defined or translated.
  5. A supply of expressive means, a repertoire of communication; a dancer’s vocabulary of movement.

What are Synonym

Synonyms are words that are similar or have a related meaning to another word?

  • Beautiful: Attractive, Pretty, Lovely, Stunning.
  • Fair: Just, Objective, Impartial, Unbiased.
  • Funny: Humorous, Comical, Hilarious, Hysterical.
  • Happy: Content, Joyful, Mirthful, Upbeat.
  • Hardworking: Diligent, Determined, Industrious, Enterprising.
  • Honest: Honorable, Fair, Sincere, Trustworthy.
  • Intelligent: Smart, Bright, Brilliant, Sharp.
  • Introverted: Shy, Bashful, Quiet, Withdrawn.
  • Kind: Thoughtful, Considerate, Amiable, Gracious.
  • Lazy: Idle, Lethargic, Indolent.

What are Antonym

An Antonym is a word that is the opposite meaning of another. It comes from the Greek words – until for opposite and – for the name. Since language is complex, people may at times, disagree on what words are truly opposite in meaning to other words.

There are three categories of antonyms: Graded antonyms deal with levels of the meaning of the words like if something is not – good, it may still not be beside good and bad there can be average, fair, excellent, terrible, poor, or satisfactory.

Examples include:

  1. Fat and skinny Young and old.
  2. Happy and sad Hard and soft.
  3. Last and first Foolish and wise.
  4. Fast and slow Warm and cool.

Complementary antonyms have a relationship where there is no middle ground. There are only two possibilities, either one or the other.

Example include:

  1. Man and woman Push and pull
  2. Dead and alive Day and night
  3. Absent and present Exit and entrance
  4. Sink or float

Relational antonyms are sometimes considered a subcategory of complementary antonyms. With these pairs, for there to be a relationship, both must exist.

Examples are:

  1. Husband and wife Doctor and patient.
  2. Buy and sell Predator and prey.
  3. Above and below Former and later.
  4. Give and receive Teach and learn.

Adding a Prefix:- Sometimes, an antonym can be easily made by adding a prefix.

Examples of antonyms that were made by adding the prefix un‖ are:

  1. Likely and unlikely.
  2. Able and unable.

By adding the prefix – non‖ you can make these pairs:

  1. Entity and nonentity.
  2. Conformist and nonconformist.

Lastly, adding the prefix – in‖ can make the following pairs:

  1. Tolerant and intolerant.
  2. Decent and indecent.

HomoPhone

A homophone is a word that is pronounced the same as another word but differs in meaning and may differ in spelling. The words may be spelled the same, such as rose (flower) and rose (past tense of “rise”), or differently, such as to, two, and too.

The term “homophone” may also apply to units longer or shorter than words, such as phrases, letters or groups of letters that are pronounced the same as another phrase, letter or group of letters.

Same sound, different spelling, different meaning

  1. air,                     heir
  2. aisle,                  isle
  3. ante,                  anti
  4. bare,                  bear
  5. be,                     bee
  6. brake,                break
  7. buy,                   by
  8. cell,                   sell
  9. cent,                 scent
  10. cereal,              serial

Homonyms

In Linguistics a homonym is a word that has different meanings. In the strict sense, one of a group of words that share the same spelling and pronunciation but have different meanings.

Examples of Homonyms are the pair stalk(part of a plant) and stalk (follow/harass a person) and the pair left(past tense of leave) and left (opposite of right).

Same Pronunciation Same Spelling, but different meaning

Watch, Right, Left, Stalk, Fair.

Homographs

Homographs are words which are spelled the same, but with more than one meaning. They may be pronounced the same (homophones) or may be pronounced differently Same Spelling, Different Meaning, and Different Pronunciation.

 HOMONYMS

 HOMOPHONES

 HOMOGRAPHS

 multiple meaning word words that around alike

 same spelling,

different pronunciation

different meanings

 

 the spruce tree…

to spruce up…

 addition for math

edition of a book

 desert = abandon

desert = area of land

 suit yourself…

wore a suit…

 I want to go

I like it too

One plus one is two

 bass = fish

bass = instrument

 weigh on the scale…

scale the wall…

 Capital building

State capital

 close = nearby

close = to shut

 the price is fair…

go to the fair…

 Pick a flower

bake with four

 bow = to bend down

bow = ribbon

 

Prefix:- A prefix is a group of letters placed before the root of the word.

For example, the word “unhappy” consists of the prefix “un-” [which means “not”] combined with the root (stem) word “happy”; the word “unhappy” means “not happy”.

 PREFIX

 MEANING

 EXAMPLES

 de- from, down,opposite decode, decrease
 dis- not, opposite, reverse, away disagree, disappear
 ex- out of, lacking, former exhale, explosion
 il- not illegal, illogical
 im- not, without impossible,

improper

 in- not,without  inaction, invisible
 mis- bad, wrong  mislead, misplace
 non- not  nonfiction, nonsense
 pre- before  prefix, prehistory
 pro- for, forward, before

 proactive, profess

program

 re  again, back  react, reappear
 un- against, not , opposite  undo, unequal

Suffix:- A suffix is a group of letters placed after the root of a word.

For example:- the word flavorless consists of the root word “flavor” combined with the suffix “-less” [which means “without”]; the word “flavorless” means “having no flavor”.

SUFFIX

 MEANING

 EXAMPLES

 -able  having the quality of, able to comfortable, portable
 -al  relating to  annual, comical
 -er  comaparative  bigger, stronger
 -est  superlative  strongest, tiniest
 -ful  full of  beautiful, grateful
 -ible  forming an adjactive  reversible, terrible
 -ily  forming an adverb  eerily, happily, lazily
 -ing  denoting an action, a

material or a gerund

 acting, showing
 -less  without, not affected by  friendless, tireless
 -ly  forming an adjective  clearly, hourly
 -ness  denoting a state or condition  kindness, wilderness
 -y  full of, denoting a condition  glory, messy, victory

What is checked in Listening, Master spellings for listening test

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